On a remote (imaginary) island, there are 11 snakes and a single mouse. As you’d expect, snakes eat the mice. But contrary to what you’d expect, when a snake eats a mouse, it turns into one.
The snakes live by only two rules:
1. Don’t get eaten.
2. Eat mice as long as rule #1 isn’t violated.
How many snakes and mice will there be left on the island?
10 snakes, 1 mouse.
If there were only a single snake and mouse, the snake could eat the mouse, then turn into one, leaving a single mouse.
If there were two snakes and a single mouse, rule 2 would keep either of the snakes from eating the mouse to avoid being eaten themselves.
With three snakes and one mouse, one of the snakes could eat a mouse and be safe as a mouse thanks to rule 2.
This pattern continues. With an even number of snakes, nothing happens. With an odd number of snakes, one snake can eat the mouse.
Thus, with 11 snakes, one snake would eat the mouse, turn into one and leave 10 snakes and 1 mouse.